Essay on Humans Are Inherently Good Or Evil?
Is he inherently good or evil? The Boston Marathon bombings have presented us with the dilemma of Locke versus Hobbes again. Pictures like this tempt us to adopt Hobbes' pessimistic view of man. But it's wrong. Events such as this, or rather men responsible for events such as this, don't define us. Actor Patton Oswalt, in a Facebook post that I'm sure has virally made it to your screen , put it perfectly:.
A victim of the first explosion is helped on the sidewalk of Boylston Street in Boston on Monday. And: "The vast majority stands against that darkness and, like white blood cells attacking a virus, they dilute and weaken and eventually wash away the evil doers and, more importantly, the damage they wreak.
Are Humans Good or Evil by Nature?
This is beyond religion or creed or nation. We would not be here if humanity were inherently evil. We'd have eaten ourselves alive long ago.
And more: "So when you spot violence, or bigotry, or intolerance, or fear, or just garden-variety misogyny, hatred or ignorance, just look it in the eye and think, 'The good outnumber you, and we always will. What about you? Which is it? Is man inherently good or evil? It's an admittedly oversimplified question. But how you answer it dictates what you do next. More Videos Man in cowboy hat helps injured Carlos Arredondo is being hailed as a cowboy-hatted hero. He is. Many people believe that media is to blame for the evil created in us.
That theory is wrong as it all starts since the moment we are born as our first instincts can determine our future personalities. The media can be blamed to trigger the evil within us but not to create it as it was always there. Even though we are born what society calls evil, some people cannot contain their inner aggression and desperation for the kill sensation so they become a murderer.
They become serial killers who react to the thrill of the chase. They sometimes fantasize for years about the type of victims and the method of the kill before they act upon the urges.
The serial killers have been proven to have an extra X female chromosome. Tests have proven that serial killers carry the extra chromosome. The serial killer Bobby Joe Lang had an extra chromosome, which lead to him growing breasts during his adolescence stage. This led him to being bullied at school.
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This leads onto another question. Does a bad upbringing trigger the evil within us? This is shown in the novel Lord of the Flies, as Piggy is a character that suffers from many disabilities such as being overweight, his sight and his asmar.
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His parents passed away when he was younger. He lived with his auntie and comforted his sorrow and grief with the sweets from her shop. This led to him being bullied for many years not only at school but also in the island by the other boys. He was not treated in the same way as the others because of his disabilities, which led him into disbelieving in himself, and caused low self-confidence.
Essay Are Humans Good or Evil by Nature?
To conclude my essay I would like to state that out of the 7 billion people in the world, 10 million of them are prisoners. I believe that all people are born evil but only some people trigger their evil from within whereas others learn to control it. Are humans naturally good or evil?. Are humans naturally good or evil? Accessed October 18, This is just a sample. You can get your custom paper from our expert writers. If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less.
Similarly, we enjoy pleasure and vicariously experience pleasure when we do something that brings happiness to others. This "fellow-feeling," or what we would now call empathy , is what maintains us in the community of humans. This is a critical requirement for a social creature. Smith was the first to clearly make the case that it is our social nature that motivates human virtue and is the reason why we vilify vice. For the last 10 years, my lab has put this Smithian idea to the test by searching for a neurochemical basis for virtue and vice.
We have focused on the chemistry behind behaviors because people seldom offer clear explanations for why they are doing what they are doing.
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Motivations matter because they ascribe meaning to actions. So, we have people make decisions that are virtuous or selfish while measuring their brain activity. This research has largely confirmed Smith's argument for why humans can be virtuous. We have shown that virtuous behaviors are caused by the brain's release of the neurotransmitter and hormone oxytocin. When oxytocin is high, costly caring and helping behaviors follow. When we inhibit oxytocin release for example, in experiments where I've administered testosterone to volunteers , virtue wanes and selfishness dominates.
Oxytocin release makes us feel empathy and by doing so increases our sensitivity to the feelings of those around us. I recently published an article reviewing these findings. By finding the brain mechanisms driving virtue and vice, we have also added subtlety to Smith's views.
For example, we have identified why variations in a women's menstrual cycle affect her trustworthiness, and why high social status males are less likely to be cooperative and more likely to violate sharing norms. We have also shown that context matters. We are a highly adaptive species and what is appropriate in Guadalajara may be inappropriate in Kansas City. So are humans moral or immoral? The biological answer is that we have evolved behaviors that increase our chances of survival and reproduction.
When in a stable and safe environment with enough food in our bellies, having a biology of morality sustains our place in the community of humans who help ensure our biological imperatives. In highly stressful , resource-poor environments, we'll step on whoever is in front of us if it helps us survive. The exceptions to this rule are the 5 percent of the population who I've found do not have an oxytocin response and are pathologically selfish like Madoff, and another few percent who are nearly pathologically virtuous like Mother Teresa.
The rest of us vacillate between good and evil. We're a complicated species—both moral and immoral as our environment and physiology dictate. Not so bad for a complicated, big-brained mammal. Very impressive that you have a clear definition for "good" and "evil". I too agree with your definitions. Here's an interesting thought: You mentioned that those small percentage of people who are pathologically selfish or pathologically virtuous are found to have no oxytocin response. So for this group of people, the fine line between good and evil is very fine indeed.
Could it be that Mother Theresa would have easily been a Madoff had she started out with unselfish behaviour and found out that such behaviour would still ensure her survival?
I would say this has been disproved many times through the ages by both the best and worst activities of mankind. On the worst side, men have been seduced by propaganda or the lust for power to commit terrible atrocities in wars.
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The opposite is also demonstrated in wars by soldiers and civilians who sacrifice themselves to save others. Again, are they only a small percentage of the population involved?
I doubt it.
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